那些历史和自然的馈赠 —《世界遗产名录》新增遗产地完整列表

2017.07.20

时间是一位天才艺术家,也是最有匠心的创造者。所有经不起时间的考验的都会消失于无形中,而留下来的文化和自然的遗产都是历史和大自然馈赠于人类的礼物。


在查看这份遗产名录(旅行清单)之前,先来学几个与自然地理相关的必备单词吧.

1. Landscape:noun. a section or expanse of rural scenery, usually extensive, that can be seen from a single viewpoint.  ( 景观)

2. National Park: noun. an area of scenic beauty, historical importance, or the like, owned and maintained by a national government for the use of the people.  (自然公园)

3. Vestige:noun. a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or in existence ( 遗迹 )

4. Archaeological:adj. from the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains. ( 考古的)

5. Caves:noun. a hollow in the earth. ( 洞穴)


本届世界遗产大会新增遗产地名单:

第一部分:自然遗产(根据审议的先后顺序排列)

1、中国:青海可可西里
Qinghai Hoh Xil, China

《世界遗产名录》新增21处遗产地

2、蒙古、俄罗斯:外贝加尔山脉景观
Landscapes Of Dauria, Mongolia, Russian Federation

site_1448_0001-360-360-20170609175555

 

3、阿根廷:卢斯阿莱尔塞斯国家公园
Los Alerces National Park, Argentina

site_1526_0001-435-300-20170705175051

第二部分:文化遗产(根据审议的先后顺序排列)

1、巴勒斯坦:希伯伦/哈利勒老城
Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town, Palestine

site_1565_0039-500-333-20170706121019

2、安哥拉:姆班扎刚果历史中心
Mbanza Kongo, vestiges of the capital of the former Kingdom of Kongo, Angola

《世界遗产名录》新增21处遗产地
 

 

3、厄立特里亚:非洲的现代主义城市:阿斯马拉
Asmara: a Modernist City of Africa,Eritrea

Erirea

 

4、南非:蔻玛尼文化景观
Khomani Cultural Landscape,Republic of South Africa

site_1545_0002-500-343-20170608110858

 

5、柬埔寨:代表古伊奢那补罗文华景观的三波坡雷古考古遗址
Temple Zone of Sambor Prei Kuk, Archaeological Site of Ancient Ishanapura,Cambodia

site_1532_0018-500-333-20170706164045

6、中国:鼓浪屿:历史国际社区
Kulangsu: A historic international settlement, China

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7、印度:艾哈迈达巴德历史城区
Historic City of Ahmadabad, India

site_1551_0002-500-333-20170705173715

8、伊朗:亚兹德历史城区
Historic City of Yazd , Islamic Republic of Iran

《世界遗产名录》新增21处遗产地
 

 

9、日本:神宿之岛、冲之岛宗像及相关遗产群
Sacred Island of Okinoshima and Associated Sites in the Munakata, Japan

site_1535_0002-500-333-20170531181447

 

10、克罗地亚、意大利、黑山:15至17世纪威尼斯共和国的防御工事
Venetian Works of Defence between the 16th and 17th Centuries: Stato da Terra – Western Stato da Mar, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro

site_1533_0001-500-491-20170609175315

11、丹麦:格陵兰岛亚北极区农业文化景观:库加塔
Kujataa Greenland: Norse and Inuit Farming at the Edge of the Ice Cap, Denmark

《世界遗产名录》新增21处遗产地
 

 

12、法国:塔普塔普阿泰考古遗址
Taputapuātea, France

site_1529_0009-500-331-20170609175028

13、德国:施瓦本侏罗山拥有最古老冰河时期艺术的洞穴
Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura, Germany

site_1527_0001-500-332-20170630163717

14、波兰:塔尔诺斯克山铅银锌矿及其地下水管理系统
Tarnowskie Góry Lead-Silver-Zinc Mine and its Underground Water Management System, Poland

《世界遗产名录》新增21处遗产地
 

15、俄罗斯:岛城斯维亚日斯克圣母升天大教堂和修道院
Assumption Cathedral and Monastery of the town-island of Sviyazhsk, Russian Federation

《世界遗产名录》新增21处遗产地
 

 

16、土耳其:阿弗罗狄西亚
Aphrodisias, Turkey

Turkey Aphrodisias

17、英国:英格兰湖区
The English Lake District, United Kingdom

《世界遗产名录》新增21处遗产地
 

18、巴西:瓦隆古码头考古遗址
Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site, Brazil

site_1548_0004-500-334-20170705163424

 


编者按:借用Jane Austin在Pride and Prejudice的话:

What are men to rocks and mountains? …When we do return, it shall not be like other travelers, without being able to give one accurate idea of anything. We will know where we have gone–we _will_ recollect what we have seen. Lakes, mountains, and rivers shall not be jumbled together in our imaginations; nor when we attempt to describe any particular scene, will we begin quarreling about its relative situation. Let _our_ first effusions be less insupportable than those of the generality of travelers

人比起高山大石来,算得了什么?若你有机会去远行,愿你在自然的造物面前学会谦卑。愿你在归来之时,一定不会像一般游人那样,什么都是浮光惊影。愿你能够记得看见过的美景。但愿你一回来叙述起游踪浪迹的时候,不要像一般旅客那样陈腔滥调,叫人听不入耳。

图片与列表来源:联合国教科文组织官网

编辑:Cindy