【五分钟语法小课堂】Everybody, Anybody, Somebody 与 Nobody辨析

2018.06.20
【五分钟语法小课堂】Everybody, Anybody, Somebody 与 Nobody辨析

语法规则:

“Every-”, “any-”, “some-” 和 “no-”, 这些都是不定代词(不特指某人,某地,某事)的前缀。

“Everybody” 泛指所有人。

“Somebody” 表示未知的、部分的人, 不特指某些人。

“Anybody” 用于否定句与疑问句,不特指某个人。 ‘Any-‘ 也可用于否定句,其意与every类似。

“Nobody” 用于肯定句,但表示否定含义:指没有人。

例句:

    1. Anybody can do this job.
    2. Everybody deserve to be treated equally.
    3. I have nobody on my side. I have to finish it on my own.
    4. Clearly, somebody ate my food. Who could it be?


视频:

视频台词解析:

  1. “Someone is coming.” 指说话者不知道谁要来。
  2. “Where is everyone?” 中提问的对象包括所有人。
  3. “I couldn’t see anyone.” 因为此句是否定句,所以用anyone。

练习:

用“nobody” “anybody” “somebody” “everybody” 填空:

  1. The show is starting in 10 minute, but __________ has arrived yet.
  2. Can _______ close the door, please?
  3. We can’t leave until __________ is ready.
  4. I don’t know ________ in that class.
  5. _______ called to look for you.

参考答案:

  1. nobody
  2. somebody
  3. everybody
  4. anybody
  5. Somebody

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