【五分钟语法小课堂】He/His/Him 哪个“他”傻傻分不清?

2018.06.05
【五分钟语法小课堂】He/His/Him 哪个“他”傻傻分不清?

语法规则:

代词(I, me, he, she, herself, you, it, that, they, each, few, many, who, whoever, whose, someone, everybody)是用来替代名词的单词。

代词分为三类:主格(例如,he);宾格(him)或所有格(his)。选择哪一个代词取决于两个因素:

  1. 被代替的名词;
  2. 这个被取代的名词在句中的功能。

主格代词包括: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they.

宾格代词包括: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them.

物主代词包括: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs

在学习代词的同时, 掌握形容词性物主代词也是很有必要的,因为他们在形式上与代词相似。形容词性物主代词出现在它们修饰的名词前面,所以他们不像代词那样替代名词。物主代词包括:my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their


例句:

  • He did the job. (“He” 在句子中是主语。)
  • I haven’t seen him today. (“him”在句子中是谓语。)
  • Those shoes look like his. (“his” 是指“ his shoes” 在这里是物主代词。)
  • Joe forgets to bring his backpack to school today. (“his”放在名词前面,表示“他的”)

让我们一起来看个卡通视频看看 “he” “him” 和 “his” 是怎么用的吧!

卡通视频:

视频台词解析:

  1. “Yes, he does.” He代替了Elfie,是句子中的主语。
  2. “I throw him a ball” 这句话中,I 是主语,him是宾语。
  3. “Do you need to feed him?” 这里,him代替了Elfie,在句子中是宾语
  4. “This is his food.”  这里,his 是所有格,即Elfie’s

练习:选择适合的代词:he/his/him 填空.

  1. The teacher wants to talk to ________.
  2. Jim didn’t feel well, so _____ stayed at home.
  3. This is _____ friend, Samantha.
  4. That jacket is mine, not _____.
  5. The boy is waiting for________ parents to pick _____up.

答参考案:

  1. him
  2. he
  3. his
  4. his
  5. his, him