【五分钟语法小课堂】“Several“ ”a few” 到底是多少呢?

2018.06.26
【五分钟语法小课堂】“Several“ ”a few” 到底是多少呢?

语法规则:

“Many” 形容事物的数量很多,可修饰可数名词。 与之对应的用于修饰不可数名词的是 “much”。

“Too many” 是指超出应有的数量,过多。

“A lot” 与“many”的意思相同,但它可以修饰可数与不可数名词。

“Several” 是指数量超过两个,但比many的数量少。只能修饰可数名词。

“A couple of”用于修饰两个(东西),或一些(东西)、少量(东西)。

“A few” 是指数量较少(的东西),同样只能修饰可数名词。与之意思相同的,修饰不可数名词的是 “a little”。

以上量词都表示数量的不确定。

上表中左列单词修饰不可数名词,尤列单词修饰可数名词。

例句:

  1. He has a couple of good friends in school. (意思是:他有一些朋友,但没有很多)
  2. The party is over, but many people stayed. (意思是:很多人留下来)

  1. I can speak a little French, just the greeting words. (意思是:我只知道一些短语)

视频:


  1. “Can you get me some bananas please, Oliver?” “some” 是指数量超过两个,但没有具体到几个。
  2. “I’d like a few bananas, please, not too many.” “a few”指“一些”
  3. “Wow, that’s a lot. Does the cat need that much food?” “That’s a lot” 指“那很多”。

练习:

选择修饰名词的量词填空.

  1. There is _________water left in the bottle. (a few/ a little)
  2. He bought ___________ books for the summer, including the ones on the summer reading list. (several/much)
  3. -Can you speak English?

-Yes, but only _______. (a few/ a little)

  1. I only have ________ hours in transfer between the flight. (a few/ a little)
  2. Squeeze _________ bit of lemon juice in your soup. It will bring the taste to the next level. (a few/ a little)

参考答案:

  1. a little
  2. several
  3. a little
  4. a few
  5. a little

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