【五分钟语法小课堂】Some和 any 的用法有什么区别?

2018.06.11
【五分钟语法小课堂】Some和 any 的用法有什么区别?

语法规则:

Some和any用于不能确定或不需要指出具体的事物的数量的时候。Some和any是量词,他们可以修饰可数名词,不可数名词。

通常情况下,some用于肯定句,例如: I have some cookies in my bag。 Any 通常用于否定句与疑问句中,例如: I don’t have any food

然而,some, any的使用规则可能还有一点复杂。下面是两种特殊的使用情况:我们可以在表示建议或请求的疑问句中使用some,如:Would you like some more tea?  。当any表示“任何”时,可将其用于肯定句,如:You can come and ask for my help any time

例句:

1.Q: Are there any tomatoes in the fridge?

Yes, there are some.

No, there aren’t any.

2.May I have some water, please?


视频:

视频台词解析:

1. “Let’s go and buy some.” 这是一句陈述句,这里用 “some” 指代 “water”。

2. “Do you have any water?” 这里我们用“any”,因为这是一句疑问句。


练习:

用some或any填空:

  1. Do you have_________ brothers or sisters?
  2. I’m going to grocery shopping. Do you want ____thing?
  3. Can you buy ______ milk? There is hardly _____ left.
  4. I’m going to stay in Brooklyn. I have ________ friends there.
  5. I forgot to buy________ cheese.

参考答案:

  1. any
  2. any
  3. some; any
  4. some
  5. any