【五分钟语法小课堂】名词单复数再也难不倒你

2018.06.06
【五分钟语法小课堂】名词单复数再也难不倒你

语法规则:

单数名词修饰一个人,动物,地点,事物或想法。复数名词说明有超过一个人,动物,地点,事物或想法。当要表示超过一个事物时,你需要使用可数名词的复数形式。

大多数名词的复数形式后加s

  • bird – birds
  • pencil – pencils
  • desk – desks

ch,x,s结尾的名词后加es:

  • box – boxes
  • watch – watches
  • moss – mosses

f,fe结尾的名词,去fves:

  • wolf – wolves
  • wife – wives
  • leaf – leaves

有些名词有不一样的复数形式:

  • child – children
  • woman – women
  • man – men
  • mouse – mice
  • goose – geese
  • foot –feet

以元音结尾的名词,像yo,没有特定规律。

  • baby – babies
  • toy – toys
  • kidney – kidneys
  • potato – potatoes
  • memo – memos
  • stereo – stereos

有些名词单复数同行:

  • sheep – sheep
  • deer – deer
  • series – series
  • species – species
  • fish-fish

例句:

1.       The boys are playing basketball.

2.       Mr. Lee has three children.

3.       Every morning, the shepherd took his sheep to the fields.


视频:

视频台词解析:

“Do you have any pets?”        这里,pets是复数形式。我们通常在“do you have any…中使用可数名词复数形式。

“They are dogs.”          Dogs是复数形式,因此代词是they,动词是are

“I want one dog, two cats and three mice.”        这里,dog是单数形式,cats是复数形式,micemouse的复数形式。


练习:用正确的名词复数形式填空。

1.       You have two __________(choice), either read or sleep.

2.       Joe leaves his __________(sock) everywhere.

3.       We had baked __________(potato) for dinner.

4.       Nara park is famous for having many __________(deer) in it. __________(Deer) are protected as national treasures in Japan.

5.       I love snorkeling, because I can see beautiful _________(fish) beneath the surface of the ocean.

参考答案:

  1. choices
  2. socks
  3. potatoes
  4. deer, deer
  5. fish