【五分钟语法小课堂】To do or doing,这也是个问题!

2018.06.19
【五分钟语法小课堂】To do or doing,这也是个问题!

语法规则:

动名词与动词不定式都是由动词变化而成的。

动词不定式的基本形式为“to+动词原形”。例如, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.”

动名词是由动词+ing构成: “sleeping,” “drawing,” “swimming.” 这些实际上都是用作名词的动词形式。

有些动词可变为动词不定式与动名词两种形式, 而有些动词却只变为其中一种形式。

  1. 动词后可接动词不定式与动名词,但意思上略有差别。 后接动名词(verb+ing)的动词,如:like,love ,hate,通常表达喜欢、讨厌某个事物或已经发生的某一动作。当后接to do的动词,如like,love,hate,通常表达偏好,或表示将要发生的某一动作。
  2. 只接动名词或动词不定式的动词:

2a. 只接动词不定式的动词: agree, decide, deserve, expect, hope, learn, need, offer, plan, promise, seem, wait, want。还有很多后接动词不定式的动词,在英语学习的过程中,你自然会接触到这些单词。

2b. 只接动名词的动词: admit, advise, avoid, consider, deny, involve, mention, recommend, risk, suggest。

通过练习,你就会知道何时该用ing,何时该用to do了!

例句:

  1. I like playing games. (意思是: 我经常玩游戏,而且我很爱玩游戏。)

2.I like to play games. (意思是: 我想要玩游戏。)

3.He agreed to babysit his little sister. (你不能说: he agreed babysitting his little sister.)

 

4.I admit making a mistake. (你不能说: I admit to make a mistake.)

视频

视频台词解析:

  1. “What do you like doing?” Joe在问Oliver他喜爱做什么。
  2. “I enjoy writing.” 表示他一直在写作,并且喜爱写作。
  3. “I love to play computer games.” “Love to”表达偏好。

练习:

用所给动词的适当形式填空:

  1. I hate______________, so I quitted. (dance) (meaning I tired and I don’t enjoy it)
  2. I hate___________, but sometimes, I have to. (lie) (meaning you don’t think lying is right, but you are about to do it)
  3. _______or not to be, that is a question. (be)
  4. I enjoy _________ with my grandparents. (walk) (meaning you’ve done it and liked it.)
  5. I hope __________ you soon! (see)

参考答案:

  1. dancing
  2. to lie
  3. To be
  4. Walking
  5. to see

想要夯实英语语法,全面提高英语能力,建立起说英语的自信吗?