【写作技巧】叙事作文范文阅读

2018.04.05
【写作技巧】叙事作文范文阅读

描述一个事件一定离不开时间、地点、人物和事情的起因、经过、结果。叙事作文写作的5W+1H原则 可以帮助你讲一件事情描写地生动具体。如果想让你的句子漂亮,一定要避开这些会毁掉你的句子的单词。当你描述一个过去发生过的事件时,不要忘了要用过去时态写作。让我们来读一篇安妮的日记,学习一下吧。

“On Friday, June 12, I was awake at six o’clock, which isn’t surprising, since it was my birthday. But I’m not allowed to get up at that hour, so I had to control my curiosity until quarter to seven. When I couldn’t wait any longer, I went to the dining room, where Moortje (the cat) welcomed me by rubbing against my legs.

A little after seven I went to Daddy and Mama and then to the living room to open my presents, and you were the first thing I saw, maybe one of my nicest presents. Then a bouquet of roses, some peonies and a potted plant. From Daddy and Mama I got a blue blouse, a game, a bottle of grape juice, which to my mind tastes a bit like wine (after all, wine is made from grapes), a puzzle, a jar of cold cream, 2.50 guilders and a gift certificate for two books. I got another book as well, Camera Obscura (but Margot already has it, so I exchanged mine for something else), a platter of homemade cookies (which I made myself, of course, since I’ve become quite an expert at baking cookies), lots of candy and a strawberry tart from Mother. And a letter from Grammy, right on time, but of course that was just a coincidence.

Then Hanneli came to pick me up, and we went to school. During recess I passed out cookies to my teachers and my class, and then it was time to get back to work. I didn’t arrive home until five, since I went to gym with the rest of the class. (I’m not allowed to take part because my shoulders and hips tend to get dislocated.) As it was my birthday, I got to decide which game my classmates would play, and I chose volleyball. Afterward they all danced around me in a circle and sang “Happy Birthday.” When I got home, Sanne Ledermann was already there. Ilse Wagner, Hanneli Goslar and Jacqueline van Maarsen came home with me after gym, since we’re in the same class. Hanneli and Sanne used to be my two best friends. People who saw us together used to say, “There goes Anne, Hanne and Sanne.” I only met Jacqueline van Maarsen when I started at the Jewish Lyceum, and now she’s my best friend. Ilse is Hanneli’s best friend, and Sanne goes to another school and has friends there.

They gave me a beautiful book, Dutch Sasas and Lesends, but they gave me Volume II by mistake, so I exchanged two other books for Volume I. Aunt Helene brought me a puzzle, Aunt Stephanie a darling brooch and Aunt Leny a terrific book: Daisy Goes to the Mountains.“

–a passage from The Diary of Anne Frank

回答下列阅读理解问题:

Q1: What are 5W in the diary? (这篇日记中的5W分别是什么?)

Q2: What’s the main purpose of this piece of writing?(作者写下这篇日记的主要目的是什么?)

Q3: What’s special about the day of this diary entry?(日记中的这一天有什么特别之处?)

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参考答案:

Q1: What are 5W in the diary?(这篇日记中的5W分别是什么?)

When: Friday, June 12

Who: Anne’s family, cat, and friends.

Where: Anne went to school and gym.

What happened:  Anne had a happy birthday. In the morning, she received present from her parents, and a letter from her grandmother. In school, she passed out her cookies to her classmates. Afterschool, she played volleyball and danced with friends. When she came home, she saw her good friends were there wishing her happy birthday and giving her presents.

Why: She had a great day because all her family members and friends were celebrating the day with her.

Q2: What’s the main purpose of this piece of writing?(作者写下这篇日记的主要目的是什么?)

To record things happened on her birthday, and to get her feelings off her chest.

Q3: What’s special about the day of the diary entry?(日记中的这一天有什么特别之处?)

It was Anne’s birthday.