【写作技巧】用过去时态写作

2018.04.04
【写作技巧】用过去时态写作

就像在 【写作技巧】叙事作文的5W+1H原则 <查看文章> 一文中提到的,叙事作文是一种复述过去的一段经历或一次事件的写作形式。因此,在写叙事作文时,过去时态是最为常见的时态。

什么是过去时态?

总的来说,过去时是用来谈论在过去某一特定时间发生和结束的事情的。在过去时中,动词要变形成过去形态。为了将规则动词改写成过去式形式,通常在动词后加“ed”。

  • play – played
  • cook – cooked
  • rain – rained
  • wait – waited

有一些在拼写上略有变化的动词。我们称它们为不规则动词,查看不规则动词:[不规则动词单词表]

以下使用规则动词的过去式形式的句子:

  • Last night I played my guitar hero all night.
  • 昨晚,我弹了一整夜的吉他。
  • It rained yesterday.
  • 昨晚下雨了。
  • While we were in sleep, Angela got up early in the morning and went to see the sunrise.
  • 当我们正在睡梦中时,Angela早早的起床,出去看了日出。
  • Matt took the course last year.
  • Matt去年上过这门课了。
  • When we finally arrived in Bangkok at 4am this morning, we were exhausted.
  • 凌晨4点,我们终于到达了曼谷,我们早已精疲力尽。

否定句的过去时

  1. 一般现在时don’t和doesn’t,过去时都变成为didn’tdidn’t (did not)即否定句中的过去式形式。这只限于英语中的实义动词。(To be和情态动词,如can,是特例)。主动词(例如例句中的like)是用原形的。助动词Didn’t是用来表示句子是否定的,而且是过去时。

例句:

现在时:I don’t like beans.

过去式:I didn’t like beans.

  1. 一般现在时的Isn’t/am not/aren’t变成了wasn’t and weren’t.

例句:

现在时:I am not a teacher.

过去式:I wasn’t a teacher.

  1. 一般现在时的can’t,变成了couldn’t.

例句:

现在时:I can’t go.

过去式:  I couldn’t go.

练习一下吧!请将下列句子改写成过去式形式:

  1. We embrace challenges and rarely take no for an answer. When we find ourselves stuck, we try to keep a positive attitude. We believe there is a creative way around almost any obstacle. We don’t give up easily.
  2. Boys and girls come and go like moths among the whisperings.
  3. Do you understand?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

答案:

  1. We embraced challenges and rarely took no for an answer. When we found ourselves stuck, we tried to keep a positive attitude. We believed there was a creative way around almost any obstacle. We didn’t give up easily.
  2. Boys and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings.
  3. Did you understand?

 

想要全面提高英语能力,更有效地掌握纯正英语,建立起说英语的自信吗?